Biology: Sustainable Ecosystems and Climate Change
- Environmental sustainability depends on the dynamic equilibrium of ecosystems.
- The cycling of matter and flow of energy within and between Earth’s four spheres are natural processes that help maintain balance in ecosystems.
- Human activities, including activities that contribute to climate change, impact environmental sustainability, and it is our collective responsibility to mitigate these impacts.
Chemistry: Nature of Matter
- Atoms are the building blocks of matter.
- There is a relationship between the atomic structure of elements, their properties, and the organization of the periodic table.
- Elements and compounds have specific physical and chemical properties, which determine their uses.
- The use of elements and compounds in consumer products and chemical technologies has both positive and negative impacts on society, the economy, and the environment.
Earth & Space: Space Exploration
- The solar system and the universe have various components with distinct characteristics that can be investigated and quantified.
- The Sun plays a critical role in sustaining life on Earth and in contributing to renewable energy production.
- Space observation, space exploration, and associated space exploration technologies advance our understanding of the universe, and have social, economic, and environmental impacts.
Physics: Principles and Applications of Electricity
- The distinct properties of static and current electricity can be explained by the behaviour of electric charges.
- Electrical energy can be produced from renewable and non-renewable sources and converted to other forms of energy to meet various needs.
- The production and consumption of electrical energy has social, economic, and environmental impacts that can be addressed through sustainable practices.