Science

Grade 9 Academic Science Course Work

Biology: Sustainable Ecosystems

In this unit, you will be introduced to carrying capacity and the structure of an ecosystem including the movement and importance of abiotic and biotic factors. You will understand the flow of energy through the trophic levels of food chains and food webs. The processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration will be described as complementary. Students will also build an understanding that ecosystems are dynamic and have the ability to respond to change, within limits, while maintaining their ecological balance.  We will investigate how people have the responsibility to regulate their impact on the sustainability of ecosystems in order to preserve them for future generations.

Chemistry: Elements & Compounds

In this unit, you will be introduced to how matter is classified into pure substances and mixtures. You will build an understanding that elements and compounds have specific physical and chemical properties that determine their practical uses. You will investigate the use of elements and compounds in daily life which have both positive and negative effects on society and the environment.

Earth & Space: Study of the Universe

In this unit, you will be introduced to different types of celestial objects in the solar system and universe have distinct properties that can be investigated and quantified. People use observational evidence of the properties of the solar system and the universe to develop theories to explain their formation and evolution. Space exploration has generated valuable knowledge but at enormous cost. Challenges, spinoff technologies, and Canada’s contributions to space exploration will be discussed. You will assess Canada’s contributions and the costs, hazards, and benefits of space exploration.

Physics: Characteristics of Electricity

In this unit, you will be introduced to the general differences between current and static electricity. You will investigate the movement of electrons in charging by friction, contact, and induction, and you will research the applications of static electricity in technology. Properties of conductors and insulators will be presented and you will investigate the conducting abilities of different materials.  You will build understanding that electricity is a form of energy produced from a variety of non-renewable and renewable sources. You will investigate the production and consumption of electrical energy has social, economic, and environmental implications. Static and current electricity have distinct properties that determine how they are used.